分类目录归档:电脑技巧

列举某域名下所有二级域名的命令

>nslookup
*** Can't find server name for address 202.102.224.68: Server failed
*** Can't find server name for address 202.102.227.68: Server failed
Default Server:  ns.myzone.cn
Address:  219.150.150.150

> set type=ns
> cnxhacker.com               //查询目标域名的ns
Server:  ns.myzone.cn
Address:  219.150.150.150

Non-authoritative answer:
cnxhacker.com   nameserver = ns.xinnet.cn
cnxhacker.com   nameserver = ns.xinnetdns.com

ns.xinnetdns.com        internet address = 210.51.170.66
ns.xinnet.cn    internet address = 210.51.171.209
> server ns.xinnet.cn         //server后要跟上步中所查询到的NS
Default Server:  ns.xinnet.cn
Address:  210.51.171.209

> ls cnxhacker.com          //ls后面跟要目标域名
[ns.xinnet.cn]
soft                           A      210.51.170.53
*                              A      60.171.162.90
article                        A      210.51.170.53
download                       A      210.51.170.53
cnxhacker.com.                 NS     server = ns.xinnetdns.com
cnxhacker.com.                 A      60.171.162.90
bbs                            A      60.171.162.93
cnxhacker.com.                 NS     server = ns.xinnet.cn

MAC 下使用“自动代理”实现翻墙

1. 先准备好一个pac文件,可到AutoProxy 2 PAC下载最新的autoproxy的代理文件,如果不能下载可点autoproxy_8899.pac下载。

2. 打开网络设置:

1

3. 在高级->代理 标签里勾上自动代理,并且在右边的URL里要填写正确的PAC文件的URL路径:

2如果URL不知道如何填写,可以搜索相关“互联网共享”或者是mac apache相关的资料;

以上操作完后还需要配合代理服务(当前用得比较多的有:ssh,goagentx,shadowsocks等)

如以上配置文件为127.0.0.1:8899的地址,则本地的代理端口要为8899

另pac文件可以自己定制,定制后可以通过https://code.google.com/p/pacparser/ 来检查PAC文件格式:

pactester -p /Volumes/HDD/www/autoproxy.pac -c 218.168.1.5 -u https://www.twitter.com

 

 

win8安装时免序列号

现在大家一般都用U盘安装的方式,那么只需使用记事本编辑一个名为 EI.CFG 的文本文件(注意不带 .txt 扩展名) ,然后将其放到 Windows 8 安装文件 Sources 文件夹中即可。EI.CFG 文件内容如下:

[EditionID]
PROFESSIONAL
[Channel]
Retail
[VL]
0
如果使用刻录光盘的方式安装,则使用UltraISO等软件编辑ISO镜像,放入EI.CFG文件即可。
采用此法之后的效果是:自动跳过强制输入产品秘钥的步骤,直接启动安装过程;安装完成之后再提示用户输入,你可以勇敢的点“跳过”了

Shimo 3.1.1不能保存密钥的解决办法

在“实用工具”内打开“钥匙串访问”,右上角的搜索栏内寻找“S h i m o”关键字,
找出来的配置文件右击“显示简介”,在“访问控制”内选择“允许所有应用程序访问此项目”,点击“存储更改”
然后重启S h i m o,应该不会再有提示密码的情况了。

IE9卸载后不能安装的解决办法

IE9卸载后不能安装了,日志如下:

日志如下: 

00:00.000: ====================================================================

00:00.000: Started: 2011/12/25 (Y/M/D) 01:51:11.801 (local)

00:00.000: Time Format in this log: MM:ss.mmm (minutes:seconds.milliseconds)

00:00.000: Command line: "C:\windows\SoftwareDistribution\Download\Install\WU-IE9-Windows7-x64.exe" /WU

00:00.000: INFO:    Setup installer for Internet Explorer: 9.0.8112.16421

00:00.015: INFO:    Previous version of Internet Explorer: 8.0.7600.16913

00:00.031: INFO:    Checking if iexplore.exe's current version is between 9.0.6001.0...

00:00.031: INFO:    ...and 9.1.0.0...

00:00.031: INFO:    Maximum version on which to run IEAK branding is: 9.1.0.0...

00:00.031: INFO:    iexplore.exe version check success. Install can proceed.

00:00.031: INFO:    Trying to extract ID: 7006 (0) as "IE9-neutral.Extracted.cab"

00:00.249: ERROR:   Failed to extract a language pack for a non-english OS.

00:00.249: INFO:    This is an English only package, so installation will continue on this non-English OS.

00:00.249: INFO:    IE Setup Language pack included: C:\windows\TEMP\IE930C0.tmp\ieLangPack-chs.cab

00:00.249: INFO:    Trying to extract ID: 5006 (0) as "IE9-support.cab"

00:00.639: INFO:    Operating System: Windows Workstation: 6.1.7600

00:00.702: INFO:    Windows 7 operating system detected.

00:00.702: INFO:    Service pack major: 0

00:00.702: INFO:    Service pack minor: 0

00:00.702: INFO:    Version Check of C:\windows\System32\drivers\dxgmms1.sys: 6.1.7600.16748 >= 6.1.7600.16748 (True)

00:00.717: INFO:    Version Check of C:\windows\System32\xpsrasterservice.dll: 6.1.7600.16699 >= 6.1.7600.16699 (True)

00:00.717: INFO:    Version Check of C:\windows\System32\d2d1.dll: 6.1.7600.16699 >= 6.1.7600.16699 (True)

00:00.733: INFO:    Version Check of C:\windows\System32\WMVDecod.dll: 6.1.7600.16597 >= 6.1.7600.16597 (True)

00:00.733: INFO:    Version Check of C:\windows\System32\ExplorerFrame.dll: 6.1.7600.16623 >= 6.1.7600.16623 (True)

00:04.602: INFO:    Windows Update user chose to install.

00:57.237: INFO:    The neutral pack was successfully downloaded from the internet. Installation will continue using the downloaded package.

00:57.237: INFO:    No reboot policy and supplemental files successfully downloaded and extracted for use.

00:57.299: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiStart(0), lParam=0x003459c0 returned 0x00000000.

00:58.079: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiScan(1), lParam=0x00000001 returned 0x00000000.

00:58.079: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiStartInstall(4), lParam=0x00000001 returned 0x00000014.

00:58.079: INFO:    Installing with the downloaded package. C:\windows\TEMP\IE930C0.tmp\IE9-neutral.Downloaded.msu

00:58.469: INFO:    Launched package installation: C:\windows\system32\dism.exe /online /add-package /packagepath:C:\windows\TEMP\IE930C0.tmp\IE9-neutral.Downloaded\Windows6.1-KB982861-x64.cab /quiet /norestart

02:09.325: INFO:    Process exit code 0x00000BC2 (3010) [The requested operation is successful. Changes will not be effective until the system is rebooted. ]

02:09.325: INFO:    Setting registry to check if Internet Explorer is the default browser on first run: SUCCESS.

02:09.574: INFO:    Launched package installation: C:\windows\system32\dism.exe /online /add-package /packagepath:C:\windows\TEMP\IE930C0.tmp\ieLangPack-chs.cab /quiet /norestart

03:04.643: INFO:    Process exit code 0x00000BC2 (3010) [The requested operation is successful. Changes will not be effective until the system is rebooted. ]

03:04.643: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiInstallDone(7), lParam=0x00000bc2 returned 0x00000000.

03:04.643: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiStartFinish(11), lParam=0x00000000 returned 0x00000000.

03:04.643: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiFinish(12), lParam=0x00000000 returned 0x00000016.

03:04.643: INFO:    Checking it the Internet Explorer Optional Component is enabled.

03:04.643: INFO:    Disabling active setup.

03:04.658: INFO:    Added command to re-enable active setup after install and reboot.

03:04.674: INFO:    Setup exit code: 0x00000BC2 (3010) - Installation Succeeded. Reboot required.

03:04.674: INFO:    Scheduling upload to IE SQM server: http://sqm.microsoft.com/sqm/ie/sqmserver.dll

03:06.296: INFO:    SQM Upload returned 403

03:06.296: INFO:    Cleaning up temporary files in: C:\windows\TEMP\IE930C0.tmp

03:06.327: INFO:    Unable to remove directory C:\windows\TEMP\IE930C0.tmp, marking for deletion on reboot.

03:06.327: INFO:    Released Internet Explorer Installer Mutex

00:00.000: ====================================================================

00:00.016: Started: 2012/03/21 (Y/M/D) 21:34:17.008 (local)

00:00.016: Time Format in this log: MM:ss.mmm (minutes:seconds.milliseconds)

00:00.016: Command line: "D:\Downloads\IE9-Windows7-x64-chs.exe" 

00:00.016: INFO:    Setup installer for Internet Explorer: 9.0.8112.16421

00:00.031: INFO:    Previous version of Internet Explorer: 9.0.8112.16441

00:00.031: INFO:    Checking if iexplore.exe's current version is between 9.0.6001.0...

00:00.031: INFO:    ...and 9.1.0.0...

00:00.031: INFO:    Maximum version on which to run IEAK branding is: 9.1.0.0...

00:00.031: ERROR:   A newer version of Internet Explorer is already installed on the system.

00:00.031: ERROR:   Internet Explorer version check failed.

00:06.069: INFO:    Setup exit code: 0x00009C48 (40008) - A more recent version of Internet Explorer is installed.

00:06.131: INFO:    Scheduling upload to IE SQM server: http://sqm.microsoft.com/sqm/ie/sqmserver.dll

00:07.161: INFO:    SQM Upload returned 403

00:07.161: INFO:    Cleaning up temporary files in: C:\windows\TEMP\IE95DB.tmp

00:07.161: INFO:    Unable to remove directory C:\windows\TEMP\IE95DB.tmp, marking for deletion on reboot.

00:07.161: INFO:    Released Internet Explorer Installer Mutex

00:00.000: ====================================================================

00:00.015: Started: 2012/03/21 (Y/M/D) 21:44:45.289 (local)

00:00.015: Time Format in this log: MM:ss.mmm (minutes:seconds.milliseconds)

00:00.031: Command line: "D:\Downloads\IE9-Windows7-x64-chs.exe" 

00:00.046: INFO:    Setup installer for Internet Explorer: 9.0.8112.16421

00:00.062: INFO:    Previous version of Internet Explorer: 8.0.7601.17723

00:00.062: INFO:    Checking if iexplore.exe's current version is between 9.0.6001.0...

00:00.062: INFO:    ...and 9.1.0.0...

00:00.062: INFO:    Maximum version on which to run IEAK branding is: 9.1.0.0...

00:00.062: INFO:    iexplore.exe version check success. Install can proceed.

00:00.062: INFO:    Trying to extract ID: 7006 (0) as "IE9-neutral.Extracted.cab"

00:46.238: INFO:    Trying to extract ID: 7010 (2052) as "ielangpack-CHS.CAB"

00:46.254: INFO:    Trying to extract ID: 5006 (0) as "IE9-support.cab"

01:25.722: INFO:    Operating System: Windows Workstation: 6.1.7601 (Service Pack 1)

01:25.722: INFO:    Windows 7 operating system detected.

01:25.722: INFO:    Service pack major: 1

01:25.722: INFO:    Service pack minor: 0

01:25.722: INFO:    Service pack name:  Service Pack 1

01:26.237: INFO:    PauseOrResumeAUThread: Successfully paused Automatic Updates.

03:28.635: INFO:    The neutral pack was successfully downloaded from the internet. Installation will continue using the downloaded package.

03:28.651: INFO:    No reboot policy and supplemental files successfully downloaded and extracted for use.

03:28.667: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiStart(0), lParam=0x003e6810 returned 0x00000000.

03:29.603: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiScan(1), lParam=0x00000001 returned 0x00000000.

03:29.603: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiStartInstall(4), lParam=0x00000001 returned 0x00000014.

03:29.603: INFO:    Installing with the downloaded package. C:\windows\TEMP\IE9509E.tmp\IE9-neutral.Downloaded.msu

03:29.759: INFO:    Launched package installation: C:\windows\system32\dism.exe /online /add-package /packagepath:C:\windows\TEMP\IE9509E.tmp\IE9-neutral.Downloaded\Windows6.1-KB982861-x64.cab /quiet /norestart

03:44.048: INFO:    Process exit code 0x00003715 (14101) [The identities of the manifests are identical but their contents are different. ]

03:44.064: ERROR:   Neutral MSU installation failed (exit code = 0x00003715 (14101)).

03:44.080: INFO:    Launched package installation: C:\windows\system32\dism.exe /online /add-package /packagepath:C:\windows\TEMP\IE9509E.tmp\ielangpack-CHS.CAB /quiet /norestart

03:46.981: INFO:    Process 'C:\windows\system32\dism.exe /online /add-package /packagepath:C:\windows\TEMP\IE9509E.tmp\ielangpack-CHS.CAB /quiet /norestart' exited with exit code 0x800F081E (-2146498530)

03:46.981: ERROR:   Language package installation failed (exit code = 0x800f081e (2148468766)).

03:46.981: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiInstallDone(7), lParam=0x800f081e returned 0x00000000.

03:46.981: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiStartFinish(11), lParam=0x00000000 returned 0x00000000.

03:47.012: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiFinish(12), lParam=0x00000000 returned 0x00000016.

03:47.449: INFO:    PauseOrResumeAUThread: Successfully resumed Automatic Updates.

03:53.736: INFO:    An unknown error occurred. Check the return value online as a Windows Error Value for more information.  Setup exit code 0x800F081E (-2146498530)

03:53.767: INFO:    Scheduling upload to IE SQM server: http://sqm.microsoft.com/sqm/ie/sqmserver.dll

03:53.783: INFO:    SQM Upload returned 403

03:53.783: INFO:    Cleaning up temporary files in: C:\windows\TEMP\IE9509E.tmp

03:53.861: INFO:    Unable to remove directory C:\windows\TEMP\IE9509E.tmp, marking for deletion on reboot.

03:53.861: INFO:    Released Internet Explorer Installer Mutex

00:00.000: ====================================================================

00:00.000: Started: 2012/03/21 (Y/M/D) 21:50:52.718 (local)

00:00.000: Time Format in this log: MM:ss.mmm (minutes:seconds.milliseconds)

00:00.000: Command line: "D:\Downloads\IE9-Windows7-x64-chs.exe" 

00:00.000: INFO:    Setup installer for Internet Explorer: 9.0.8112.16421

00:00.000: INFO:    Previous version of Internet Explorer: 8.0.7601.17723

00:00.000: INFO:    Checking if iexplore.exe's current version is between 9.0.6001.0...

00:00.000: INFO:    ...and 9.1.0.0...

00:00.000: INFO:    Maximum version on which to run IEAK branding is: 9.1.0.0...

00:00.000: INFO:    iexplore.exe version check success. Install can proceed.

00:00.000: INFO:    Trying to extract ID: 7006 (0) as "IE9-neutral.Extracted.cab"

00:00.218: INFO:    Trying to extract ID: 7010 (2052) as "ielangpack-CHS.CAB"

00:00.218: INFO:    Trying to extract ID: 5006 (0) as "IE9-support.cab"

00:00.639: INFO:    Operating System: Windows Workstation: 6.1.7601 (Service Pack 1)

00:00.639: INFO:    Windows 7 operating system detected.

00:00.639: INFO:    Service pack major: 1

00:00.639: INFO:    Service pack minor: 0

00:00.639: INFO:    Service pack name:  Service Pack 1

00:00.873: INFO:    PauseOrResumeAUThread: Successfully paused Automatic Updates.

01:45.878: INFO:    The neutral pack was successfully downloaded from the internet. Installation will continue using the downloaded package.

01:45.893: INFO:    No reboot policy and supplemental files successfully downloaded and extracted for use.

01:45.909: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiStart(0), lParam=0x001067c0 returned 0x00000000.

01:46.221: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiScan(1), lParam=0x00000001 returned 0x00000000.

01:46.221: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiStartInstall(4), lParam=0x00000001 returned 0x00000014.

01:46.221: INFO:    Installing with the downloaded package. C:\windows\TEMP\IE9ECBE.tmp\IE9-neutral.Downloaded.msu

01:46.315: INFO:    Launched package installation: C:\windows\system32\dism.exe /online /add-package /packagepath:C:\windows\TEMP\IE9ECBE.tmp\IE9-neutral.Downloaded\Windows6.1-KB982861-x64.cab /quiet /norestart

01:53.350: INFO:    Process exit code 0x00003715 (14101) [The identities of the manifests are identical but their contents are different. ]

01:53.350: ERROR:   Neutral MSU installation failed (exit code = 0x00003715 (14101)).

01:53.366: INFO:    Launched package installation: C:\windows\system32\dism.exe /online /add-package /packagepath:C:\windows\TEMP\IE9ECBE.tmp\ielangpack-CHS.CAB /quiet /norestart

01:55.253: INFO:    Process 'C:\windows\system32\dism.exe /online /add-package /packagepath:C:\windows\TEMP\IE9ECBE.tmp\ielangpack-CHS.CAB /quiet /norestart' exited with exit code 0x800F081E (-2146498530)

01:55.253: ERROR:   Language package installation failed (exit code = 0x800f081e (2148468766)).

01:55.253: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiInstallDone(7), lParam=0x800f081e returned 0x00000000.

01:55.253: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiStartFinish(11), lParam=0x00000000 returned 0x00000000.

01:55.253: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiFinish(12), lParam=0x00000000 returned 0x00000016.

01:55.519: INFO:    PauseOrResumeAUThread: Successfully resumed Automatic Updates.

01:59.029: INFO:    An unknown error occurred. Check the return value online as a Windows Error Value for more information.  Setup exit code 0x800F081E (-2146498530)

01:59.029: INFO:    Scheduling upload to IE SQM server: http://sqm.microsoft.com/sqm/ie/sqmserver.dll

01:59.029: INFO:    SQM Upload returned 403

01:59.029: INFO:    Cleaning up temporary files in: C:\windows\TEMP\IE9ECBE.tmp

01:59.060: INFO:    Unable to remove directory C:\windows\TEMP\IE9ECBE.tmp, marking for deletion on reboot.

01:59.075: INFO:    Released Internet Explorer Installer Mutex

00:00.000: ====================================================================

00:00.000: Started: 2012/03/21 (Y/M/D) 21:55:37.384 (local)

00:00.000: Time Format in this log: MM:ss.mmm (minutes:seconds.milliseconds)

00:00.000: Command line: "D:\Downloads\360Downloads\IE9-Windows7-x64-chs.exe" 

00:00.000: INFO:    Setup installer for Internet Explorer: 9.0.8112.16421

00:00.000: INFO:    Previous version of Internet Explorer: 8.0.7601.17723

00:00.000: INFO:    Checking if iexplore.exe's current version is between 9.0.6001.0...

00:00.000: INFO:    ...and 9.1.0.0...

00:00.000: INFO:    Maximum version on which to run IEAK branding is: 9.1.0.0...

00:00.000: INFO:    iexplore.exe version check success. Install can proceed.

00:00.000: INFO:    Trying to extract ID: 7006 (0) as "IE9-neutral.Extracted.cab"

00:00.250: INFO:    Trying to extract ID: 7010 (2052) as "ielangpack-CHS.CAB"

00:00.250: INFO:    Trying to extract ID: 5006 (0) as "IE9-support.cab"

00:00.656: INFO:    Operating System: Windows Workstation: 6.1.7601 (Service Pack 1)

00:00.656: INFO:    Windows 7 operating system detected.

00:00.656: INFO:    Service pack major: 1

00:00.656: INFO:    Service pack minor: 0

00:00.656: INFO:    Service pack name:  Service Pack 1

00:01.061: INFO:    PauseOrResumeAUThread: Successfully paused Automatic Updates.

00:03.448: INFO:    The neutral pack was successfully downloaded from the internet. Installation will continue using the downloaded package.

00:03.448: INFO:    No reboot policy and supplemental files successfully downloaded and extracted for use.

00:03.464: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiStart(0), lParam=0x002067a0 returned 0x00000000.

00:03.791: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiScan(1), lParam=0x00000001 returned 0x00000000.

00:03.791: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiStartInstall(4), lParam=0x00000001 returned 0x00000014.

00:03.791: INFO:    Installing with the downloaded package. C:\windows\TEMP\IE944CC.tmp\IE9-neutral.Downloaded.msu

00:03.900: INFO:    Launched package installation: C:\windows\system32\dism.exe /online /add-package /packagepath:C:\windows\TEMP\IE944CC.tmp\IE9-neutral.Downloaded\Windows6.1-KB982861-x64.cab /quiet /norestart

00:12.746: INFO:    Process exit code 0x00003715 (14101) [The identities of the manifests are identical but their contents are different. ]

00:12.746: ERROR:   Neutral MSU installation failed (exit code = 0x00003715 (14101)).

00:12.761: INFO:    Launched package installation: C:\windows\system32\dism.exe /online /add-package /packagepath:C:\windows\TEMP\IE944CC.tmp\ielangpack-CHS.CAB /quiet /norestart

00:14.727: INFO:    Process 'C:\windows\system32\dism.exe /online /add-package /packagepath:C:\windows\TEMP\IE944CC.tmp\ielangpack-CHS.CAB /quiet /norestart' exited with exit code 0x800F081E (-2146498530)

00:14.727: ERROR:   Language package installation failed (exit code = 0x800f081e (2148468766)).

00:14.727: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiInstallDone(7), lParam=0x800f081e returned 0x00000000.

00:14.727: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiStartFinish(11), lParam=0x00000000 returned 0x00000000.

00:14.743: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiFinish(12), lParam=0x00000000 returned 0x00000016.

00:15.039: INFO:    PauseOrResumeAUThread: Successfully resumed Automatic Updates.

00:18.034: INFO:    Link clicked, opening URL in new window:'http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=200540'

00:45.771: INFO:    An unknown error occurred. Check the return value online as a Windows Error Value for more information.  Setup exit code 0x800F081E (-2146498530)

00:45.787: INFO:    Scheduling upload to IE SQM server: http://sqm.microsoft.com/sqm/ie/sqmserver.dll

00:45.802: INFO:    SQM Upload returned 403

00:45.802: INFO:    Cleaning up temporary files in: C:\windows\TEMP\IE944CC.tmp

00:45.865: INFO:    Unable to remove directory C:\windows\TEMP\IE944CC.tmp, marking for deletion on reboot.

00:45.865: INFO:    Released Internet Explorer Installer Mutex

00:00.000: ====================================================================

00:00.016: Started: 2012/03/21 (Y/M/D) 22:08:03.760 (local)

00:00.016: Time Format in this log: MM:ss.mmm (minutes:seconds.milliseconds)

00:00.016: Command line: "C:\windows\SoftwareDistribution\Download\Install\WU-IE9-Windows7-x64.exe" /WU-SILENT

00:00.031: INFO:    Setup installer for Internet Explorer: 9.0.8112.16421

00:00.062: INFO:    Previous version of Internet Explorer: 8.0.7601.17723

00:00.062: INFO:    Checking if iexplore.exe's current version is between 9.0.6001.0...

00:00.062: INFO:    ...and 9.1.0.0...

00:00.062: INFO:    Maximum version on which to run IEAK branding is: 9.1.0.0...

00:00.062: INFO:    iexplore.exe version check success. Install can proceed.

00:00.062: INFO:    Trying to extract ID: 7006 (0) as "IE9-neutral.Extracted.cab"

00:00.281: ERROR:   Failed to extract a language pack for a non-english OS.

00:00.281: INFO:    This is an English only package, so installation will continue on this non-English OS.

00:00.281: INFO:    IE Setup Language pack included: C:\windows\TEMP\IE98F72.tmp\ieLangPack-chs.cab

00:00.281: INFO:    Trying to extract ID: 5006 (0) as "IE9-support.cab"

00:00.780: INFO:    Operating System: Windows Workstation: 6.1.7601 (Service Pack 1)

00:00.780: INFO:    Windows 7 operating system detected.

00:00.780: INFO:    Service pack major: 1

00:00.780: INFO:    Service pack minor: 0

00:00.780: INFO:    Service pack name:  Service Pack 1

00:05.476: INFO:    The neutral pack was successfully downloaded from the internet. Installation will continue using the downloaded package.

00:05.476: INFO:    No reboot policy and supplemental files successfully downloaded and extracted for use.

00:05.538: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiStart(0), lParam=0x000f6860 returned 0x00000000.

00:06.568: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiScan(1), lParam=0x00000001 returned 0x00000000.

00:06.568: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiStartInstall(4), lParam=0x00000001 returned 0x00000014.

00:06.568: INFO:    Installing with the downloaded package. C:\windows\TEMP\IE98F72.tmp\IE9-neutral.Downloaded.msu

00:06.708: INFO:    Launched package installation: C:\windows\system32\dism.exe /online /add-package /packagepath:C:\windows\TEMP\IE98F72.tmp\IE9-neutral.Downloaded\Windows6.1-KB982861-x64.cab /quiet /norestart

00:30.093: INFO:    Process exit code 0x00003715 (14101) [The identities of the manifests are identical but their contents are different. ]

00:30.311: ERROR:   Neutral MSU installation failed (exit code = 0x00003715 (14101)).

00:30.327: INFO:    Launched package installation: C:\windows\system32\dism.exe /online /add-package /packagepath:C:\windows\TEMP\IE98F72.tmp\ieLangPack-chs.cab /quiet /norestart

00:33.587: INFO:    Process 'C:\windows\system32\dism.exe /online /add-package /packagepath:C:\windows\TEMP\IE98F72.tmp\ieLangPack-chs.cab /quiet /norestart' exited with exit code 0x800F081E (-2146498530)

00:33.603: ERROR:   Language package installation failed (exit code = 0x800f081e (2148468766)).

00:33.603: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiInstallDone(7), lParam=0x800f081e returned 0x00000000.

00:33.603: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiStartFinish(11), lParam=0x00000000 returned 0x00000000.

00:33.915: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiFinish(12), lParam=0x00000000 returned 0x00000016.

00:34.539: INFO:    An unknown error occurred. Check the return value online as a Windows Error Value for more information.  Setup exit code 0x800F081E (-2146498530)

00:34.570: INFO:    Scheduling upload to IE SQM server: http://sqm.microsoft.com/sqm/ie/sqmserver.dll

00:34.570: INFO:    SQM Upload returned 403

00:34.585: INFO:    Cleaning up temporary files in: C:\windows\TEMP\IE98F72.tmp

00:34.617: INFO:    Unable to remove directory C:\windows\TEMP\IE98F72.tmp, marking for deletion on reboot.

00:34.617: INFO:    Released Internet Explorer Installer Mutex

00:00.000: ====================================================================

00:00.000: Started: 2012/03/21 (Y/M/D) 22:10:23.275 (local)

00:00.000: Time Format in this log: MM:ss.mmm (minutes:seconds.milliseconds)

00:00.000: Command line: "D:\Downloads\IE9-Windows7-x64-chs.exe" 

00:00.015: INFO:    Setup installer for Internet Explorer: 9.0.8112.16421

00:00.015: INFO:    Previous version of Internet Explorer: 8.0.7601.17723

00:00.015: INFO:    Checking if iexplore.exe's current version is between 9.0.6001.0...

00:00.015: INFO:    ...and 9.1.0.0...

00:00.015: INFO:    Maximum version on which to run IEAK branding is: 9.1.0.0...

00:00.015: INFO:    iexplore.exe version check success. Install can proceed.

00:00.015: INFO:    Trying to extract ID: 7006 (0) as "IE9-neutral.Extracted.cab"

00:00.749: INFO:    Trying to extract ID: 7010 (2052) as "ielangpack-CHS.CAB"

00:00.764: INFO:    Trying to extract ID: 5006 (0) as "IE9-support.cab"

00:06.162: INFO:    Operating System: Windows Workstation: 6.1.7601 (Service Pack 1)

00:06.162: INFO:    Windows 7 operating system detected.

00:06.162: INFO:    Service pack major: 1

00:06.162: INFO:    Service pack minor: 0

00:06.162: INFO:    Service pack name:  Service Pack 1

00:06.396: INFO:    PauseOrResumeAUThread: Successfully paused Automatic Updates.

00:09.407: INFO:    The neutral pack was successfully downloaded from the internet. Installation will continue using the downloaded package.

00:09.422: INFO:    No reboot policy and supplemental files successfully downloaded and extracted for use.

00:09.438: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiStart(0), lParam=0x004067c0 returned 0x00000000.

00:09.921: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiScan(1), lParam=0x00000001 returned 0x00000000.

00:09.921: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiStartInstall(4), lParam=0x00000001 returned 0x00000014.

00:09.921: INFO:    Installing with the downloaded package. C:\windows\TEMP\IE9B07A.tmp\IE9-neutral.Downloaded.msu

00:10.077: INFO:    Launched package installation: C:\windows\system32\dism.exe /online /add-package /packagepath:C:\windows\TEMP\IE9B07A.tmp\IE9-neutral.Downloaded\Windows6.1-KB982861-x64.cab /quiet /norestart

00:19.250: INFO:    Process exit code 0x00003715 (14101) [The identities of the manifests are identical but their contents are different. ]

00:19.250: ERROR:   Neutral MSU installation failed (exit code = 0x00003715 (14101)).

00:19.266: INFO:    Launched package installation: C:\windows\system32\dism.exe /online /add-package /packagepath:C:\windows\TEMP\IE9B07A.tmp\ielangpack-CHS.CAB /quiet /norestart

00:23.275: INFO:    Process 'C:\windows\system32\dism.exe /online /add-package /packagepath:C:\windows\TEMP\IE9B07A.tmp\ielangpack-CHS.CAB /quiet /norestart' exited with exit code 0x800F081E (-2146498530)

00:23.275: ERROR:   Language package installation failed (exit code = 0x800f081e (2148468766)).

00:23.275: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiInstallDone(7), lParam=0x800f081e returned 0x00000000.

00:23.275: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiStartFinish(11), lParam=0x00000000 returned 0x00000000.

00:23.275: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiFinish(12), lParam=0x00000000 returned 0x00000016.

00:23.525: INFO:    PauseOrResumeAUThread: Successfully resumed Automatic Updates.

00:26.255: INFO:    An unknown error occurred. Check the return value online as a Windows Error Value for more information.  Setup exit code 0x800F081E (-2146498530)

00:26.270: INFO:    Scheduling upload to IE SQM server: http://sqm.microsoft.com/sqm/ie/sqmserver.dll

00:26.270: INFO:    SQM Upload returned 403

00:26.270: INFO:    Cleaning up temporary files in: C:\windows\TEMP\IE9B07A.tmp

00:26.317: INFO:    Unable to remove directory C:\windows\TEMP\IE9B07A.tmp, marking for deletion on reboot.

00:26.317: INFO:    Released Internet Explorer Installer Mutex

00:00.000: ====================================================================

00:00.000: Started: 2012/03/21 (Y/M/D) 22:23:01.293 (local)

00:00.000: Time Format in this log: MM:ss.mmm (minutes:seconds.milliseconds)

00:00.000: Command line: "D:\Downloads\IE9-Windows7-x64-chs.exe" 

00:00.000: INFO:    Setup installer for Internet Explorer: 9.0.8112.16421

00:00.000: INFO:    Previous version of Internet Explorer: 8.0.7601.17723

00:00.000: INFO:    Checking if iexplore.exe's current version is between 9.0.6001.0...

00:00.000: INFO:    ...and 9.1.0.0...

00:00.016: INFO:    Maximum version on which to run IEAK branding is: 9.1.0.0...

00:00.016: INFO:    iexplore.exe version check success. Install can proceed.

00:00.016: INFO:    Trying to extract ID: 7006 (0) as "IE9-neutral.Extracted.cab"

00:00.265: INFO:    Trying to extract ID: 7010 (2052) as "ielangpack-CHS.CAB"

00:00.281: INFO:    Trying to extract ID: 5006 (0) as "IE9-support.cab"

00:00.702: INFO:    Operating System: Windows Workstation: 6.1.7601 (Service Pack 1)

00:00.702: INFO:    Windows 7 operating system detected.

00:00.702: INFO:    Service pack major: 1

00:00.702: INFO:    Service pack minor: 0

00:00.702: INFO:    Service pack name:  Service Pack 1

00:00.874: INFO:    PauseOrResumeAUThread: Successfully paused Automatic Updates.

14:13.778: INFO:    The neutral pack was successfully downloaded from the internet. Installation will continue using the downloaded package.

14:13.794: INFO:    No reboot policy and supplemental files successfully downloaded and extracted for use.

14:13.825: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiStart(0), lParam=0x002967c0 returned 0x00000000.

14:14.184: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiScan(1), lParam=0x00000001 returned 0x00000000.

14:14.184: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiStartInstall(4), lParam=0x00000001 returned 0x00000014.

14:14.184: INFO:    Installing with the downloaded package. C:\windows\TEMP\IE94182.tmp\IE9-neutral.Downloaded.msu

14:14.308: INFO:    Launched package installation: C:\windows\system32\dism.exe /online /add-package /packagepath:C:\windows\TEMP\IE94182.tmp\IE9-neutral.Downloaded\Windows6.1-KB982861-x64.cab /quiet /norestart

14:24.261: INFO:    Process exit code 0x00003715 (14101) [The identities of the manifests are identical but their contents are different. ]

14:24.261: ERROR:   Neutral MSU installation failed (exit code = 0x00003715 (14101)).

14:24.277: INFO:    Launched package installation: C:\windows\system32\dism.exe /online /add-package /packagepath:C:\windows\TEMP\IE94182.tmp\ielangpack-CHS.CAB /quiet /norestart

14:26.586: INFO:    Process 'C:\windows\system32\dism.exe /online /add-package /packagepath:C:\windows\TEMP\IE94182.tmp\ielangpack-CHS.CAB /quiet /norestart' exited with exit code 0x800F081E (-2146498530)

14:26.586: ERROR:   Language package installation failed (exit code = 0x800f081e (2148468766)).

14:26.586: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiInstallDone(7), lParam=0x800f081e returned 0x00000000.

14:26.586: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiStartFinish(11), lParam=0x00000000 returned 0x00000000.

14:26.601: INFO:    No reboot logic message NrApiFinish(12), lParam=0x00000000 returned 0x00000016.

14:26.851: INFO:    PauseOrResumeAUThread: Successfully resumed Automatic Updates.

14:28.926: INFO:    An unknown error occurred. Check the return value online as a Windows Error Value for more information.  Setup exit code 0x800F081E (-2146498530)

14:28.926: INFO:    Scheduling upload to IE SQM server: http://sqm.microsoft.com/sqm/ie/sqmserver.dll

14:28.941: INFO:    SQM Upload returned 403

14:28.941: INFO:    Cleaning up temporary files in: C:\windows\TEMP\IE94182.tmp

14:28.973: INFO:    Unable to remove directory C:\windows\TEMP\IE94182.tmp, marking for deletion on reboot.

14:28.973: INFO:    Released Internet Explorer Installer Mutex

解决办法

使用360安全卫士,点击系统修复,再点击常规修复,他会检查,之后会出现有4个dll的文件缺失或损坏,再次点击修复,重启,就可以安装成功了。

网易邮箱率先全面默认开通IMAP服务

11月11日消息,中国第一大电子邮件服务商网易今日宣布,率先为网易旗下的3.2亿免费邮箱用户全面默认开通IMAP服务,并升级服务提供更高级 别的SSL加密,据悉这在国内尚属首家。此举将使网易邮箱用户在客户端收取邮件的速度提升10倍以上,而且用户在客户端的所有操作都会即时同步到邮箱服务 器,保证两边有完全一致的操作体验。此次升级惠及国内六成邮箱用户。 IMAP服务与目前广泛使用的POP3相似,都是一种邮件获取协议,但IMAP协议比POP3协议更高级。IMAP最吸引人的功能是“同步”——客 户端上进行的任何操作,在邮件服务器上都会同步进行。也就是说,一封新邮件在电脑上用闪电邮客户端阅读后,登录webmail查看时,状态自动同步为已读 邮件;一封从iPhone4上发出的邮件,也会出现在iPad和闪电邮的已发邮件里。如果使用POP3,则没有这样的功能,所有的邮件都下载到本地,所有 的操作也都只影响本地邮件,不能同步到邮件服务器,也不能同步到其他客户端。 网易邮箱的IMAP服务更核心的还在于“极速”收取邮件。IMAP提供的摘要浏览功能可以让你在阅读完所有的邮件到达时间、主题、发件人、大小等 “摘要”信息后再作出是否下载整封邮件或附件的决定。一封20M附件的商业信函,标题和摘要仅2K大小,如使用IMAP,邮件收取速度提升10倍以上,不 仅节省流量,而且实现了办公智能化。 据悉,此次网易为用户默认开通的高性能IMAP服务将更好地支持目前主流的苹果iPhone/iPad、谷歌Android、诺基亚Symbian 等智能手机系统,以及闪电邮(http://fm.163.com)、outlook等多个PC桌面客户端。升级后能大幅提升移动终端收发邮件的操作体 验,可以说是电子邮件行业在移动互联网方面的重量级动作。 网易邮件事业部副总监莫子睿透露,IMAP会比POP3消耗更多的服务器资源,这也是为何目前只有网易邮箱为用户默认开通IMAP服务,而其他邮件 运营商都选择默认关闭的主要原因。网易之所以率先在IMAP服务上加大投入,就是看到未来移动互联网的巨大发展潜力,为提升手机设备收发邮件的良好使用体 验提前布局。 网易邮箱作为中国电子邮件行业的风向标,一直领行业之潮流。业内资深人士分析,网易此次出招,又一次走在了业界最前沿,不但大幅提升了果粉、G粉们的邮件收发体验,更是为未来的移动互联网大战做好了充分的准备。 另据调查,由于IMAP由网易在业内率先全面默认开通,目前还有很多邮件客户端默认使用POP3协议。想现在体验网易旗下163、126、yeah 三大免费邮箱以及各收费邮箱的IMAP服务,在部分客户端的设置上需要一些技巧,不过也不麻烦。而且随着网易对IMAP的力推,客户端对IMAP的支持情 况可望在短期内迅速改进。 各客户端IMAP设置TIPS: 一、在iPhone/itouch/iPad邮件应用程序中使用IMAP服务 1、以iPhone为例,进入iPhone 的“设置”,点选“邮件、通讯录、日历”; 2、选择邮箱类型:请选择“其他”; 3、输入邮箱的地址以及一个错误的密码(苹果的系统默认使用POP3);保存后就可以在设置账户信息中设置IMAP,请按照以下提示设置即可。 IMAP帐户信息(以163邮箱为例,126邮箱和yeah.net邮箱只需更改相应域名) 收件服务器主机名称:imap.163.com 用户名:****@163.com 密 码:邮箱的密码 服务器端口号:993(若不开启SSL则是143) 发件服务器主机名称:smtp.163.com 用户名:****@163.com 密 码:邮箱的密码 服务器端口号:25 二、诺基亚Symbian系统设置过程及参数和苹果系统基本一致。 三、谷歌Android系统在设置时可选择IMAP。 四、闪电邮可以在添加新帐户时选择IMAP/STMP。

什么是OCR?

OCR(Optical Character Recognition,光学字符识别),是属于图型识别(Pattern Recognition,PR)的一门学问。其目的就是要让计算机知道它到底看到了什么,尤其是文字资料。

由于OCR是一门与识别率拔河的技术,因此如何除错或利用辅助信息提高识别正确率,是OCR最重要的课题,ICR(Intelligent Character Recognition)的名词也因此而产生。而根据文字资料存在的媒体介质不同,及取得这些资料的方式不同,就衍生出各式各样、各种不同的应用。
在此对OCR作一基本介绍,包括其技术简介以及其应用介绍。

一、OCR的发展
要谈OCR的发展,早在60、70年代,世界各国就开始有OCR的研究,而研究的初期,多以文字的识别方法研究为主,且识别的文字仅为0至9的数字。以同样拥有方块文字的日本为例,1960年左右开始研究OCR的基本识别理论,初期以数字为对象,直至1965至1970年之间开始有一些简单的产品,如印刷文字的邮政编码识别系统,识别邮件上的邮政编码,帮助邮局作区域分信的作业;也因此至今邮政编码一直是各国所倡导的地址书写方式。
OCR可以说是一种不确定的技术研究,正确率就像是一个无穷趋近函数,知道其趋近值,却只能靠近而无法达到,永远在与100%作拉锯战。因为其牵扯的因素太多了,书写者的习惯或文件印刷品质、扫描仪的扫瞄品质、识别的方法、学习及测试的样本……等等,多少都会影响其正确率,也因此,OCR的产品除了需有一个强有力的识别核心外,产品的操作使用方便性、所提供的除错功能及方法,亦是决定产品好坏的重要因素。
一个OCR识别系统,其目的很简单,只是要把影像作一个转换,使影像内的图形继续保存、有表格则表格内资料及影像内的文字,一律变成计算机文字,使能达到影像资料的储存量减少、识别出的文字可再使用及分析,当然也可节省因键盘输入的人力与时间。
从影像到结果输出,须经过影像输入、影像前处理、文字特征抽取、比对识别、最后经人工校正将认错的文字更正,将结果输出。
在此逐一介绍:
影象输入:欲经过OCR处理的标的物须透过光学仪器,如影像扫描仪、传真机或任何摄影器材,将影像转入计算机。科技的进步,扫描仪等的输入装置已制作的愈来愈精致,轻薄短小、品质也高,对OCR有相当大的帮助,扫描仪的分辨率使影像更清晰、扫除速度更增进OCR处理的效率。
影象前处理:影像前处理是OCR系统中,须解决问题最多的一个模块,从得到一个不是黑就是白的二值化影像,或灰阶、彩色的影像,到独立出一个个的文字影像的过程,都属于影像前处理。包含了影像正规化、去除噪声、影像矫正等的影像处理,及图文分析、文字行与字分离的文件前处理。在影像处理方面,在学理及技术方面都已达成熟阶段,因此在市面上或网站上有不少可用的链接库;在文件前处理方面,则凭各家本领了;影像须先将图片、表格及文字区域分离出来,甚至可将文章的编排方向、文章的题纲及内容主体区分开,而文字的大小及文字的字体亦可如原始文件一样的判断出来。
文字特征抽取:单以识别率而言,特征抽取可说是OCR的核心,用什么特征、怎么抽取,直接影响识别的好坏,也所以在OCR研究初期,特征抽取的研究报告特别的多。而特征可说是识别的筹码,简易的区分可分为两类:一为统计的特征,如文字区域内的黑/白点数比,当文字区分成好几个区域时,这一个个区域黑/白点数比之联合,就成了空间的一个数值向量,在比对时,基本的数学理论就足以应付了。而另一类特征为结构的特征,如文字影像细线化后,取得字的笔划端点、交叉点之数量及位置,或以笔划段为特征,配合特殊的比对方法,进行比对,市面上的线上手写输入软件的识别方法多以此种结构的方法为主。
对比数据库:当输入文字算完特征后,不管是用统计或结构的特征,都须有一比对数据库或特征数据库来进行比对,数据库的内容应包含所有欲识别的字集文字,根据与输入文字一样的特征抽取方法所得的特征群组。
对比识别:这是可充分发挥数学运算理论的一个模块,根据不同的特征特性,选用不同的数学距离函数,较有名的比对方法有,欧式空间的比对方法、松弛比对法(Relaxation)、动态程序比对法(Dynamic Programming,DP),以及类神经网络的数据库建立及比对、HMM(Hidden Markov Model)…等著名的方法,为了使识别的结果更稳定,也有所谓的专家系统(Experts System)被提出,利用各种特征比对方法的相异互补性,使识别出的结果,其信心度特别的高。
字词后处理:由于OCR的识别率并无法达到百分之百,或想加强比对的正确性及信心值,一些除错或甚至帮忙更正的功能,也成为OCR系统中必要的一个模块。字词后处理就是一例,利用比对后的识别文字与其可能的相似候选字群中,根据前后的识别文字找出最合乎逻辑的词,做更正的功能。
字词数据库:为字词后处理所建立的词库。
人工校正:OCR最后的关卡,在此之前,使用者可能只是拿支鼠标,跟着软件设计的节奏操作或仅是观看,而在此有可能须特别花使用者的精神及时间,去更正甚至找寻可能是OCR出错的地方。一个好的OCR软件,除了有一个稳定的影像处理及识别核心,以降低错误率外,人工校正的操作流程及其功能,亦影响OCR的处理效率,因此,文字影像与识别文字的对照,及其屏幕信息摆放的位置、还有每一识别文字的候选字功能、拒认字的功能、及字词后处理后特意标示出可能有问题的字词,都是为使用者设计尽量少使用键盘的一种功能,当然,不是说系统没显示出的文字就一定正确,就像完全由键盘输入的工作人员也会有出错的时候,这时要重新校正一次或能允许些许的错,就完全看使用单位的需求了。
结果输出:其实输出是件简单的事,但却须看使用者用OCR到底为了什么?有人只要文本文件作部份文字的再使用之用,所以只要一般的文字文件、有人要漂漂亮亮的和输入文件一模一样,所以有原文重现的功能、有人注重表格内的文字,所以要和Excel等软件结合。无论怎么变化,都只是输出档案格式的变化而已。